Tips for staying safe in cold weather

1.Be careful if you use a wood stove, fireplace or space heater in your home. Keep a multipurpose, dry chemical fire extinguisher nearby.
2. Monitor the indoor temperature. Infants and older adults have difficulty regulating body temperature and should not stay in cold rooms.
3. When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors.

When you do go outdoors in cold weather:

1. Dress in layers of warm, wind-resistant clothing. Wool, silk or polypropylene inner layers will hold more body heat than cotton. Stay dry.
 2.Avoid exertion. Cold weather can strain your heart. Follow your doctor's advice about shoveling snow or other work in the cold.
 3.Cover exposed skin. Wear a hat, gloves or mittens, a scarf or ski mask.
 Be safe during recreation. Notify contacts where you will be before you go hiking, camping or skiing. Be prepared to take emergency shelter. Pack dry clothing, a two-way radio, waterproof matches and paraffin fire starters.
 4.Frostbite and hypothermia can be lessened by early recognition and treatment. Shivering can be a sign that the body is losing heat.
5. Frostbitten skin is hard, pale, cold and has no feeling. When frostbitten skin is in warm air, it becomes red and painful.
6. Hypothermia is caused by short exposure to extreme cold or long exposure to mild cold. Symptoms include trembling, stiffness of muscles, facial puffiness, poor coordination and confusion.
 If you suspect hypothermia, frostbite, or other complications, seek immediate medical care.

source:http://www.mlive.com/living/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2008/12/tips_for_staying_safe_in_cold.html